By releasing consumer data to insurance companies without permission, it seems to me that the California Insurance Exchange violated the law. If so, why is there no consequence for this abuse of private citizens?
“The California health exchange has admitted it has been divulging contact information for tens of thousands of consumers to insurance agents without their permission or knowledge in an effort to hit deadlines for coverage.” click here
How’s that hope and change working out for you? To see the destruction brought about by Obamacare courtesy of the Democrat party, click here.
Ruckart PZ, Bove FJ, Maslia M. Evaluation of exposure to contaminated drinking water and specific birth defects and childhood cancers at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina: a case–control study. Environ Health. 2013 Dec 4;12(1):104.
Drinking water supplies at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune were contaminated with trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, benzene, vinyl chloride and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene during 1968 through 1985.
METHODS: We conducted a case control study to determine if children born during 1968–1985 to mothers with residential exposure to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune during pregnancy were more likely to have childhood hematopoietic cancers, neural tube defects (NTDs), or oral clefts. For cancers, exposures during the first year of life were also evaluated. Cases and controls were identified through a survey of parents residing on base during pregnancy and confirmed by medical records. Controls were randomly sampled from surveyed participants who had a live birth without a major birth defect or childhood cancer. Groundwater contaminant fate and transport and distribution system models provided estimates of monthly levels of drinking water contaminants at mothers’ residences. Magnitude of odds ratios (ORs) was used to assess associations. Confidence intervals (CIs) were used to indicate precision of ORs. We evaluated parental characteristics and pregnancy history to assess potential confounding.
RESULTS: Confounding was negligible so unadjusted results were presented. For NTDs and average 1st trimester exposures, ORs for any benzene exposure and for trichloroethylene above 5 parts per billion were 4.1 (95% CI: 1.4-12.0) and 2.4 (95% CI: 0.6-9.6), respectively. For trichloroethylene, a monotonic exposure response relationship was observed. For childhood cancers and average 1st trimester exposures, ORs for any tetrachloroethylene exposure and any vinyl chloride exposure were 1.6 (95% CI: 0.5-4.8), and 1.6 (95% CI: 0.5-4.7), respectively. The study found no evidence suggesting any other associations between outcomes and exposures.
CONCLUSION: Although CIs were wide, ORs suggested associations between drinking water contaminants and NTDs. ORs suggested weaker associations with childhood hematopoietic cancers.
Alice Antony, Judy Blackbeard, Mark Angles, Greg Leslie. Non microbial indicators for monitoring virus removal by ultrafiltration membranes. Journal of Membrane Science. Dec 2013.
The integrity of 0.04 µm polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fibre ultrafiltration (UF) membranes was assessed by challenge tests with citrate stabilised silver nanoparticles. Spherical, zerovalent, nanosilver particles maintained a net negative surface charge (−25±4 mV) and narrow size distribution (60±10 nm) in aqueous suspension for 72 hours. Nanoparticle challenge testing of intact UF hollow fibre membranes demonstrated rejection efficiency as high as 2.9 log removal value (LRV), without affecting the hydraulic performance of the membranes. Challenge testing of deliberately compromised membranes through a sequence of breaches indicated that the nanoparticles can detect a loss of integrity in the filtration area of 3×10−5%, equivalent to 3 damaged fibres in 100,000 fibres. The LRV decreased from 2.8 to 1.3 with one pin hole of 100 μm thickness. Membranes were exposed to hypochlorite in order to mimic membrane ageing; exposure to 2,500 and 5,000 mg L−1.h of hypochlorite decreased the rejection efficiency of the particles by 0.2 and 0.9% with a corresponding loss in the intrinsic membrane resistance of 19 and 38%, respectively. Deliberate membrane compromise through chemical exposure was useful for generating membrane degradation that represented the initial stages of membrane failure due to routine chemical exposure. Considering the practical limitations of incorporating challenge testing with MS2 bacteriophage in full scale plants, silver nanoparticles have the potential to be an alternative indicator for challenging UF membranes for validation purposes.
Click here for full paper (fee).
Karnes C, Winquist A, Steenland K. Incidence of type II diabetes in a cohort with substantial exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid. Environmental Research. 2013 Nov 30. pii: S0013-9351(13)00187-4. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.11.003.
BACKGROUND: Research suggests an increased type II diabetes mortality risk among workers occupationally exposed to PFOA. However, a cross-sectional study of highly exposed Mid-Ohio Valley community residents did not demonstrate an association between PFOA and type II diabetes.
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between exposure to PFOA over time and incidence of type II diabetes in a cohort of community residents and workers exposed to high levels of PFOA via contaminated drinking water.
METHODS: Community residents and workers were interviewed in 2008-2011 to obtain medical history and other demographic information. Cumulative serum PFOA exposure estimates were calculated based on residence and occupation locations, and a history of plant emissions. We estimated the risk of developing type II diabetes using Cox proportional hazard models, controlling for demographic characteristics and family history.
RESULTS: Out of 32,254 survey respondents, there were 4434 cases of self-reported type II diabetes, of which 4129 were validated through medical record review. In analyses based on validated type II diabetes, there was no trend of increased risk with increased cumulative PFOA serum levels (HRs compared to lowest exposure decile: 0.91 (95% CI: 0.76-1.08), 1.18 (95% CI: 0.99-1.40), 0.96 (95% CI: 0.81-1.15), 1.04 (95% CI: 0.87-1.24), 1.11 (95% CI: 0.93-1.32), 1.06 (95% CI: 0.89-1.26), 1.00 (95% CI: 0.85-1.19), 1.03 (95% CI: 0.86-1.23), 1.01 (95% CI: 0.84-1.20)). There was no association between fasting glucose level and cumulative serum levels of PFOA, after excluding diabetics.
CONCLUSIONS: We do not find an association between PFOA exposure and incidence of type II diabetes.
Click here for full paper (fee).
A Colorado judge has ruled against my friend Jack Phillips, a baker in Colorado who out of a clear conscience does not want to serve homosexuals wedding cakes. If he continues to do so, he will face fines and maybe jail time. So maybe Christian friends who agree with his Christian convictions will help pay his fines for him and visit him in jail. (When it comes to having a clear conscience before the God of the Bible, no law or judge is going to make or force a committed Christian to behave otherwise on any issue. If Jack decides to stand firm out of such a conviction before God and he goes to jail, then I would go with him.)
“Administrative Law Judge Robert N. Spencer ruled Friday that Jack Phillips, the owner of the Masterpiece Cakeshop in suburban Denver, will face fines if he continues to turn away gay couples who want to buy wedding cakes.” click here
Of course, the US Chamber of Commerce is not going to help Jack Phillips…they are too busy opening the borders to anyone (part of the liberal Catholic conspiracy?). In any case, Colorado government still remains a Christian spiritual wasteland……
Lassen sich zukünftige Erdtemperaturen berechnen?
Horst-Joachim Lüdecke und Carl-Otto Weiss
In einer jüngsten Veröffentlichung vom 23.5.2013  unternehmen es die Sonnenforscher Friedhelm Steinhilber und Jürg Beer (im Folgenden SB) die Erdtemperaturen für die nächsten 500 Jahre zu berechnen. Dies erscheint nicht unmöglich, weil die Sonnenaktivität der vergangenen 10.000 Jahre Periodizitäten zeigt, die hohe Korrelationswerte mit den zeitlich zugehörigen Vergangenheitstemperaturen der Erde aufweisen.
Posted in Climate
Current US regulations for disinfection byproducts are based on many years of political negotiation (not science). Several significant assumptions were made during these discussions to force a skewed result that is over-protective (meaning little incremental benefit for a very large cost). Of course, each time I attempted to raise some of these issues I would be swatted down by one constitutent group or another, and in many cases even water utilities (e.g., American Water Works Service Company representatives) would be pushing for more regulations to satisfy their driving desire to look good, thinking they only were wearing a white hat…..using drinking water as the hammer. This ultimately resulted in the burgeoning federal government evironmental regulatory and administrative tyranny we have today….with states like California, New York, Massachusetts, and New Jersey following with even more detailed regulations of their own. Most with little or no practical real-world benefit.
Statements such as that above, and papers like the one below do not generate warm and fuzzy feelings in the regulatory-driven water and wastewater field. Many will take exception and perhaps be angered. But having been involved in one way or another in the major drinking water regulatory actions taken over the prior 20 years, I stand by my remarks above. I also commend the author of the paper below for sticking his neck out to do this study. He like I will be called names, be shunned at certain conferences, and have difficulty having research funded and papers published in the future. But we know, just like in the case of “global warming” that eventually the truth of the matter will bubble up and become evident to all.
H Henry. EPA’s Stage 2 Disinfection Byproducts Rules (DBPR) and Northern Kentucky Water: An Economic and Scientific Review. Dose-response: a publication of International Hormesis Society. 2013 May 16;11:517-542.
Implementation of EPA’s Stage 2 Disinfection Byproducts Rules (DBPR) in Northern Kentucky will cause a water rate increase of over 25%. Hence a review was undertaken, considering both economics and science in the context of President Obama’s 2009 scientific integrity directive. The rules purport to avoid up to 0.49% of new bladder cancers by reducing the levels of DBPs in drinking water – a benefit so small that failure to implement will not cause unreasonable risk to health (URTH). It suggests at most one Northern Kentucky death avoided over 17 years for a cost of $136,000,000 ($1700 per household). Even this small benefit is probably overstated. EPA finds no “causal link” between DBPs and bladder cancer, and EPA acknowledges problems with the epidemiological data used in their calculation: the data appear contradictory and inconsistent, may be skewed toward “positive” results, and suggest different cancer sites than animal studies. Two similar international agencies disagree with EPA’s conclusions. The science is based on the Linear No Threshold (LNT) dose response model for DBPs, but this may not be the correct model. 83% of EPA’s epidemiological data show a statistical possibility that low levels of DBPs might be beneficial or have no effect.
Click here for the full paper (Open Source).