Australian Surface Temperature Records Corrupted

“It is nonsensical when there are thousands of older stations on record, that older records that are argued to require ACORN corrections should have a smaller sample than the “more reliable” largely uncorrected data of recent times.”

“In the 24 stations reviewed herewith, corrupted data continued decadaly as if no one was particularly interested back then, at a time before alarming climate change theories became more popular.” click here

Impact of Chlorination on Drinking Water Biofilm Bacterial Community

Mi Z, Dai Y, Xie S, Chen C, Zhang X. Impact of disinfection on drinking water biofilm bacterial community. Journal of environmental sciences (China). 2015 Nov 1;37:200-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jes.2015.04.008.

Disinfectants are commonly applied to control the growth of microorganisms in drinking water distribution systems. However, the effect of disinfection on drinking water microbial community remains poorly understood. The present study investigated the impacts of different disinfectants (chlorine and chloramine) and dosages on biofilm bacterial community in bench-scale pipe section reactors. Illumina MiSeq sequencing illustrated that disinfection strategy could affect both bacterial diversity and community structure of drinking water biofilm. Proteobacteria tended to predominate in chloraminated drinking water biofilms, while Firmicutes in chlorinated and unchlorinated biofilms. The major proteobacterial groups were influenced by both disinfectant type and dosage. In addition, chloramination had a more profound impact on bacterial community than chlorination.

Opportunistic Pathogens Present in Drinking Water Distribution Systems

Though it may be surprising to some readers, this is not a new discovery. Tap water is not sterile. The “concentrations” presented are estimates based on qPCR and not reliable for risk assessment.

Lu J, Struewing I, Vereen E, Moe C, Ashbolt N. Molecular Detection of Legionella spp. and their associations with Mycobacterium spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and amoeba hosts in a drinking water distribution system. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 2015 Nov 4. doi: 10.1111/jam.12996.

AIMS: This study investigated waterborne opportunistic pathogens (OPs) including potential hosts, and evaluated the use of Legionella spp. for indicating microbial water quality for OPs within a full-scale operating drinking water distribution system (DWDS).

METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the occurrence of specific microbial pathogens within a major city DWDS we examined large volume (90 L drinking water) ultrafiltration concentrates collected from six sites between February, 2012 and June, 2013; traditional indicators of water quality were also determined. The detection frequency and concentration estimates by qPCR were: Legionella spp. (57% / 85 cell equivalent, CE L-1 ), Mycobacterium spp. (88% / 324 CE L-1 ), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (24% / 2 CE L-1 ), Vermamoeba vermiformis (24% / 2 CE L-1 ) and Acanthamoeba spp. (42% / 5 cyst equivalent, CE L-1 ). There was no detection of the following microorganisms: human faecal indicator Bacteroides (HF183), Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7, Giardia intestinalis, Cryptosporidium spp. or Naegleria fowleri. There were significant correlations between the qPCR signals of Legionella spp. and Mycobacterium spp., and their potential hosts V. vermiformis and Acanthamoeba spp. Sequencing of Legionella spp. demonstrated limited diversity, with most sequences coming from two dominant groups, of which the larger dominant group was an unidentified species. Other known species including L. pneumophila were detected, but at low frequency. The densities of Legionella spp. and Mycobacterium spp. were generally higher (17 and 324 folds, respectively) for distal sites relative to the entry point to the DWDS.

CONCLUSIONS: Legionella spp. occurred, had significant growth and were strongly associated with free-living amoebae (FLA) and Mycobacterium spp., suggesting that Legionella spp. could provide a useful DWDS monitoring role to indicate potential conditions for non-faecal opportunistic pathogens.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The results provide insight into microbial pathogen detection that may aid in the monitoring of microbial water quality within DWDS prior to customer exposures.

HealthCare Companies Who Brought us Obamacare Must Bear the Cost of their Own Foolishness

Enough said.

“Maybe UnitedHealth is floating this story because they want to rattle the government’s cage, threatening a blockbuster walkout unless some mixture of taxpayer loot and regulatory benevolence is offered to keep them on board,” I mused, with an eye toward the Democrat Party’s aversion to ObamaCare meltdown headlines during the 2016 election cycle. click here for more



Drinking too much water can be poisonous.

Artunc F, Schnauder G, Gallwitz B, Amend B. [Can water be poisonous?]. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift. 2015 Nov;140(23):1761. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-105886. [Article in German]

HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: Two female patients aged over 80 years developed central nervous symptoms after drinking large amounts of water (more than 3 l per day).

INVESTIGATIONS: Both had a hypoosmolar hyponatremia that was induced by concomitant treatment with hydrochlorothiazid (HCT) in the one case and in the other case relied on a distal tubular damage due to reflux nephropathy.

DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND COURSE: Hyponatremia was corrected after withdrawal of HCT and fluid restriction and central nervous symptoms disappeared rapidly.

CONCLUSIONS: Distal tubular urinary dilution can be disturbed by HCT and parenchymal renal disease and can result in symptomatic hyponatremia after drinking large amounts of water.

“Climate Change” is No Match Against Terrorism

I seem to recall a number of years ago on the campaign trail Mr. Barack Obama saying that if someone he opposes brought a knife to a fight he would bring a gun. He would fight back with even greater force than those opposing him.

But today, he brings “climate change.” 

This is a joke, right? Or am I missing something. 

The Biggest Scientific Fraud in History?

Most certainly the catastrophic global warming claim is one of the most distorted representations of science to date.

“Earth’s atmosphere has not warmed for decades, as shown by both satellites and radiosonde data.” click here for article