A rich guy goes after a representative in another part of the country. This is not right.
“Rep. Steve King (R-IA) said that Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg is targeting him specifically with attack ads because he is one of the few in Congress who will stand up against and tell the truth about amnesty. ” click here
This is a typical study used to prop up the idea of adding fluoride to drinking water. Unfortunately, this type of study design ends up finding what it is looking for almost every time. Studies such as this simply cannot answer the question of fluoridation efficacy and safety. It is like attempting to solve a math problem using a cat instead of a calculator, or trying to fly to the moon with a skateboard. It’s not going to get you there.
LG Do, J Miller, C Phelan, S Sivaneswaran, AJ Spencer, C Wright. Dental caries and fluorosis experience of 8-12-year-old children by early-life exposure to fluoride. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014 Apr 16. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12106.
BACKGROUND: It is important to evaluate concurrently the benefit for dental caries and the risk for dental fluorosis from early exposure to fluoride among children.
AIM: To evaluate associations of different levels of exposure to fluoride in early childhood with dental caries and dental fluorosis experience in school children.
METHODS: A Child Dental Health Survey (CDHS) was conducted among school children in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW) in 2007. Trained and calibrated examination teams conducted oral epidemiologic examinations to assess caries experience as decayed, missing or filled tooth surfaces of the primary and permanent dentitions (dmfs/DMFS) and fluorosis using the Thylstrup & Fejerskov (TF) index on the maxillary central incisors only. A parental questionnaire collected information on residential histories and tap water usage to enable calculation of percentage of 3-year lifetime exposure to fluoride in water. Use of dietary fluoride supplements was also collected. Dental caries and fluorosis experience were compared among groups by levels of exposure to fluoride from water and fluoride supplements in bivariate and multivariable analysis, controlling for socioeconomic factors.
RESULTS: Exposure to different fluoride sources varied in the group of 2611 children aged 8-12 years. Lower household income was significantly associated in both bivariate and multivariable analyses with the greater prevalence and severity of primary tooth caries among 8-10-year-old children and permanent tooth caries among 8-12 year old. Exposure to fluoride in water during the first 3 years of life was associated with both caries and fluorosis experience observed at age 8-12 years. Having higher percentage of 3-year lifetime exposure to fluoride in water was associated with higher prevalence of mostly mild fluorosis, but significantly lower prevalence and severity of caries in the primary and permanent dentitions.
CONCLUSION: There were significant associations of dental caries and fluorosis experience with sources of early childhood fluoride exposure among children aged 8-12 years in New South Wales. Exposure to fluoridated water during the first 3 years of life was associated with better oral health of school-age children.
“Officials from nine Western states met in Salt Lake City on Friday to discuss taking control of federal lands within their borders on the heels of a standoff between Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy and the Bureau of Land Management.” click here
“Rep. Colleen Hanabusa (D-HI) says her constituents are “frustrated and embarrassed” by Hawaii’s failed Obamacare exchange, which cost taxpayers $204 million and signed up only 8,000 people.” click here
They should be more than just embarrassed. Apologizing after the fact for something that was known from the beginning to fail is mark of political spin and opportunism. Vote these people out.
A lot of money is spent on NEPA analyses. Shouldn’t we know if the studies are worth the effort? Perhaps there is a more efficient and less costly way to conduct such studies.
“Speaker John Boehner and other senior House Republicans are telling donors and industry groups that they aim to pass immigration legislation this year, despite the reluctance of many Republicans to tackle the divisive issue before the November elections.” click here
“The Department of Health and Human Services is proposing a rule that would, if implemented, guarantee that even more Americans who like their health insurance plans cannot keep them.” click here