Daily Archives: June 6, 2011

E. coli Cases in Virginia and Tennessee

Illnesses and 1 death caused by pathogenic E. coli now been report in the U.S…..click here for the local news article…..cause is still under investigation.

The cause of the outbreak in Germany is still under investigation….(it’s not the sprouts)…..click here for a news article update…..

Drinking water will not be the source of exposure and illness if the water is properly treated and disinfected.

Global Warming Hoax? – Peden 2011

A recent article by the “AWWA Climate Committee”  on climate and sustainability makes reference to the prior 2007 IPCC report on several points.  The impact of “Climategate” on the underlying credibility of the IPCC data and procedures is not addressed and apparently not considered.

Those interested in water resources and climate would do well to not rely on “arguments from authority”  but become familiar with and understand recent developments in atmospheric science and physics with regard to climate. Much science has developed further since the 2007 IPCC report.

This review by Peden (2011) is good place to start for background on scientific issues.

The best scientific information should be used and credible experts consulted for good water resources planning. These are not necessarily from political sources or that are the most politically expedient. 

 

Disaster losses and “Climate Change” – Not Related

Bouwer, L.M. 2011. Have disaster losses increased due to anthropogenic climate change? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92: 39-46.

Bouwer (2011) reviewed 22 studies of weather-related events including bushfire, earthquake, flood, hail, landslide, windstorm, thunderstorm, tornado, tropical storm, hurricane and hail.  Regions studied included Australia, China, Europe, India, Korea, Latin America, Switzerland, the United States and the world as a whole. 

No trends in losses, corrected for changes (increases) in population and capital at risk, could be attributed to “anthropogenic climate change.” Increases in exposure and wealth were the most important drivers for increasing disaster losses.

Click here to view the abstract and download the paper.

How does the level of preparedness affect losses in weather-related events?  I don’t see that the level of local or counrty-wide preparedness or level of adaptive response is considered in papers such as this.  If a locality has a high level of emergency preparedness or adaptive measures (e.g., building standards, etc) in place, would economic losses due to weather-related events be less?

 

Drug-Resistant Typhoid Fever – Zaki & Karande 2011

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi strains (S. Typhi).  Zaki & Karande (2011) provide a thoughtful review of drug-resistant typhoid fever.  S. Typhi resistant to first-line recommended drugs for treatment (e.g., chloramphenicol, ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) have caused outbreaks in the developing world since the mid-1980s.  This has increased morbidity and mortality, especially in affected children below five years of age and those who are malnourished.  Proper drinking water treatment and wastewater disposal will ensure that such cases do not result from waterborne outbreaks.

Syed Ahmed Zaki and Sunil Karande. 2011. Multidrug-resistant typhoid fever: a review. Journal of infection in Developing Countries, 5(5):324-337.  

 

Click here to read their paper.

Solar Activity and Climate – de Jager & Duhau 2009

de Jager, C. and Duhau, S. 2009. Episodes of relative global warming. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 71: 194-198.

Solar scientists have for many years argued that solar activity accounts for warming climate temperatures but their arguements have either been unpersuasive to climatologists or ignored by those pre-committed to the CO2 hypothesis. de Jager and Duhau (2009) present an important analysis, which along with other recent research on solar activity and climate, should be given serious consideration.

Those interested in drinking water supply and climate need to take a full-orbed view of such factors that affect climate.

Click here for the abstract of their paper.

Click here for further discussion of the paper.