Daily Archives: December 14, 2011

Our Right-to-Know: Who authorized “Fast and Furious”?

We have a right-to-know….who thought of, and who authorized this operation “Fast and Furious.” And what else like this is going on that puts US citizens and our country at risk? (click here for prior post.)

Missoula, Montana water system sold to Carlyle Group

3 to 2 vote of the Public Utilities Commission approves the sale…..click here for the latest….

Escondido, California to study wastewater reuse, “toilet to tap”

Facing limitations on ocean discharge of treated wastewater, the city of Escondido will be funding a study to examine treatment of wastewater for direct reuse…..click here for more…

Scientist Piers Corbyn: Carbon dioxide has zero effect on global warming

Interesting that this article appears on Russian Television (RT)….click here: 87524d

Blount et al 2010: Perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide intake through tap water.

B.C. Blount, K.U. Alwis, R.B. Jain, B.L. Solomon, J.C. Morrow, and W.A. Jackson. Perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide intake through tap water. Environ Sci Technol. 2010 Dec 15;44(24):9564-70. Epub 2010 Nov 19.

Abstract: Perchlorate is ubiquitous in the environment, leading to human exposure and potential impact on thyroid function. Nitrate can also competitively inhibit iodide uptake at the sodium-iodide symporter and thus reduce thyroid hormone production. This study investigates the intake of perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide attributable to direct and indirect tap water consumption. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected tap water samples and consumption data from 3262 U.S. residents during the years 2005-2006. The median perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide levels measured in tap water were 1.16, 758, and 4.55 μg/L, respectively. Measured perchlorate levels were below the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) drinking water equivalent level for perchlorate (24.5 μg/L). Significant correlations were found between iodide and nitrate levels (r = 0.17, p < 0.0001) and perchlorate and nitrate levels (r = 0.25, p < 0.0001). On the basis of 24 h recall, 47% of the study participants reported drinking tap water; 89% reported either direct or indirect consumption of tap water. For the adult population (age ≥ 20 yrs) the median tap water consumption rate was 11.6 mL/kg-day. Using individual tap water consumption data and body weight, we estimated the median perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide dose attributable to tap water as 9.11, 11300, and 43.3 ng/kg-day, respectively, for U.S. adults. This perchlorate exposure dose from tap water is relatively small compared to the total perchlorate exposure dose previously characterized for the U.S. adults (median 64 ng/kg-day) and the U.S. EPA reference dose (700 ng/kg-day).

Click here to obtain the full paper (fee).