Daily Archives: September 19, 2014

Orange County (CA) wastewater reuse plant recharges gound water during drought

“It’s replenishing the district’s large groundwater aquifer — which is the source of drinking water for 2.4 million people in Orange County.” click here

An election year always brings out the articles critical of US drinking water

With out fail, political opportunist organizations hit the media with articles to highlight problems with drinking water. Such articles (e.g. here) are not about drinking water quality or protecting health. They are media play because everyone drinks water such an article gets everyone’s attention promoting distrust to push more regulation. The organization looks good (takes the high road as they say), even though they know very little about drinking water (in this case the Natural Resources Defense Council are attorneys). Perception is what matters here, not substance.

Roots of Scientific Pretense, Arrogance Evident in “Climate Science” Explained

An insightful article here  from way back in 2009 explains clearly the state of much of government-funded science today, especially when it comes to “climate change.”

“Arrogance and intolerance in the name of superior expertise are antithetical to popular governance and the requirements of honest argument. But that hasn’t stopped them from becoming a central feature of our political life.” click here

Faulty wells, not fracking, contaminate drinking water wells with methane gas

Duke researchers conclude that water contamination in Texas and Pennsylvania occurred because of leaky well shafts near the earth’s surface and not because of hyrdalic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing itself takes place thousands of feet underground.

Thomas H. Darrah, Avner Vengosh, Robert B. Jackson, Nathaniel R. Warner, Robert J. Poreda. Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1322107111 September 15, 2014

Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have enhanced energy production but raised concerns about drinking-water contamination and other environmental impacts. Identifying the sources and mechanisms of contamination can help improve the environmental and economic sustainability of shale-gas extraction. We analyzed 113 and 20 samples from drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales, respectively, examining hydrocarbon abundance and isotopic compositions (e.g., C2H6/CH4, δ13C-CH4) and providing, to our knowledge, the first comprehensive analyses of noble gases and their isotopes (e.g., 4He, 20Ne, 36Ar) in groundwater near shale-gas wells. We addressed two questions. (i) Are elevated levels of hydrocarbon gases in drinking-water aquifers near gas wells natural or anthropogenic? (ii) If fugitive gas contamination exists, what mechanisms cause it? Against a backdrop of naturally occurring salt- and gas-rich groundwater, we identified eight discrete clusters of fugitive gas contamination, seven in Pennsylvania and one in Texas that showed increased contamination through time. Where fugitive gas contamination occurred, the relative proportions of thermogenic hydrocarbon gas (e.g., CH4, 4He) were significantly higher (P < 0.01) and the proportions of atmospheric gases (air-saturated water; e.g., N2, 36Ar) were significantly lower (P < 0.01) relative to background groundwater. Noble gas isotope and hydrocarbon data link four contamination clusters to gas leakage from intermediate-depth strata through failures of annulus cement, three to target production gases that seem to implicate faulty production casings, and one to an underground gas well failure. Noble gas data appear to rule out gas contamination by upward migration from depth through overlying geological strata triggered by horizontal drilling or hydraulic fracturing.

Click here for full paper.

Water as only meal time drink “will combat child obesity?

Looks to be better approach to preventing dental caries as well.

“A group of nutritional scientists said sugary drinks were empty calories and people had got “out of the habit of drinking water” with meals.” click here

Another study comparing bottled water with tap water to undermine a free-market business in favor of government

Such studies are done every few years or so and they come to the same conclusion. Why do such studies keep being repeated, this one by a group that has nothing to do with drinking water? Drinking water is used as a hook in an attempt to get positive exposure for the organization, undermine free-market business, and prop up  government-run utilities.

(Government-run utilities are fine if that is what the customers want, after all they pay for the water. But consumers vote with their spending, and based on booming bottled water sales, it looks like the consumers have already spoken, regardless of what the WWF thinks.)

“Bottlers of water generally capitalize on consumer concerns about municipal water supplies, creating demand for their product via an association with pristine environs. Some bottled waters, however, differ from tap water merely by being distributed in bottles rather than through pipes, according to a report commissioned by Switzerland-based World Wildlife Fund International.” click here

Crestwood, Illinois to pay $50,000 to settle state penalty

“Crestwood would pay a $50,000 fine to settle claims that polluted well water was used by residents for about 20 years.” click here