Tiwari T, Quissell DO, Henderson WG, Thomas JF, Bryant LL, Braun PA, Albino JE. Factors Associated with Oral Health Status in American Indian Children. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2014 Sep 1;1(3):148-156.
The literature reports psychosocial, environmental, and cultural factors related to Early Childhood Caries (ECC), but few studies have included American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. AI/AN children have the highest prevalence of ECC among any population group in the United States. This study examined socio-demographic characteristics of children and their parents/caregivers and psychosocial characteristics of parents/caregivers as risk factors for baseline oral health status of preschool children in the Navajo Nation, as part of a 3-year cluster randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of trained community workers providing a fluoride varnish and oral health promotion intervention to. The study recruited 1,015 children at 52 Head Start Centers. Baseline ECC data were collected by calibrated dental hygienists for 981 of the children ages of 3-5 years, and a Basic Research Factors Questionnaire (BRFQ) was completed by their parents/caregivers. Bivariable analysis revealed that dmfs was higher in older children; in males; in children with male parents/caregivers; and when the parent/caregiver had less education and income, worse oral health behavior in caring for their children’s teeth, and higher scores for external powerful others and external chance locus of control, greater perceived susceptibility and barriers, and lower scores for community risky behavior. In a multiple linear regression model, the variables that remained statistically significant were child’s age and gender, and oral health behavior score of the parent/caregiver. Intervening to improve parent/caregiver oral health behavior in caring for the teeth of children potentially could in AI/AN children.
Such choices will be faced by others in the near future. Financially unsustainable economies will not be able to pay their debts and therefore something will be cut.
“At a time when Venezuela’s record $25 billion in arrears to importers has its citizens waiting hours in line to buy drinking water and crossing borders in search of medicine, President Nicolas Maduro is using the nation’s dwindling supply of dollars to enrich bondholders.” click here
“Dr. Willie Wei-Hock Soon (shown) is an astrophysicist and geoscientist at the Solar and Stellar Physics (SSP) Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, as well as an astronomer at the Mount Wilson Observatory in southern California. He is a leading authority on the relationship between solar phenomena and global climate. He is also a receiving editor for the journal New Astronomy and has testified before Congress on the issue of climate change.”
A video interview of Dr. Soon is here.
“Protecting drinking water” is typically used to justify addition regulation under the Clean Water Act (CWA). It is being used here as well to promote the EPA’s desired redefinition of “water’s of the United States”. The idea of “protecting drinking water” with this rule is complete spin.
This dispute has been going on in the political and technical arena for over 20 years and for good reason. Anyone who has actually had to deal with USEPA on a CWA 404 permit knows the abuse that will occur should the redefinition be enacted.
The writer of this “Myths and Facts” on the CWA are presenting only 1 particular legal perspective on legal fine points to skirt the underlying issues and ignore the practical realities one must face in dealing with real-world decisions imposed by overzealous government employees. Do Media Matters writers know how to identify a hydric soil and properly delineate a wetland?
“After algae in Lake Erie created toxic, undrinkable water for residents and businesses in the Toledo area for several days, Toledo Mayor D. Michael Collins said in a press conference Monday morning, August 4, that water was safe to use.” click here
Posted in Water Supply
“The Chinese government is in the middle of a five-year 410-billion-renminbi (US$66-billion) programme to deliver safe drinking water to all town and city residents — about 54% of the population — by 2015. The focus is on upgrading 92,300 kilometres of mains pipes and thousands of water-treatment plants to developed-world standards.” click here
Posted in Water Supply