Tondera K, Klaer K, Gebhardt J, Wingender J, Koch C, Horstkott M, Strathmann M, Jurzik L, Hamza IA, Pinnekamp J. Reducing pathogens in combined sewer overflows using ozonation or UV irradiation. International journal of hygiene and environmental health. 2015 Sep 18. pii: S1438-4639(15)00119-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2015.09.002.
Fecal contamination of water resources is a major public health concern in densely populated areas since these water bodies are used for drinking water production or recreational purposes. A main source of this contamination originates from combined sewer overflows (CSOs) in regions with combined sewer systems. Thus, the treatment of CSO discharges is urgent. In this study, we explored whether ozonation or UV irradiation can efficiently reduce pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and protozoan parasites in CSOs. Experiments were carried out in parallel settings at the outflow of a stormwater settling tank in the Ruhr area, Germany. The results showed that both techniques reduce most hygienically relevant bacteria, parasites and viruses. Under the conditions tested, ozonation yielded lower outflow values for the majority of the tested parameters.