Daily Archives: December 7, 2017

Setting the Record Straight on US Recognition of Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel

“President Donald Trump on Wednesday declared that “it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” calling the move “a long overdue step to advance the peace process.”

In response to the move, the Palestinian Authority and numerous Arab nations have launched a propaganda offensive based on lies and misinformation. Most of the dishonest talking points have not been countered by the news media. Below, in no particular order, are six of those lies that must be called out.” click here

Remember Pearl Harbor Day

“In the weeks and months that took place after the surprise attack – and that was a vicious surprise attack – millions answered like these guys and fought the war,” Trump said. “They triumphed, though many died to defend America against our enemies and to defeat the enemies of all humanity.” click here

Sea Level Data Tampering

“In a new paper published in Earth Systems and Environment this month, Australian scientists Dr. Albert Parker and Dr. Clifford Ollier uncover evidence that Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) overseers appear to have been engaging in the “highly questionable” and “suspicious” practice of adjusting historical tide gauge data to show recent accelerated sea level rise where no such acceleration (or rise) exists.” click here

NOAA Nominee Statement Not Based on Best Available Science

“President Donald Trump’s nominee to head the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) admitted to senators during his confirmation hearing on Wednesday that humans are the main cause of climate change, contradicting the statements of the president and several of his cabinet secretaries.” click here

Pepper mild mottle virus as a surrogate of human enteric viruses

Shirasaki N, Matsushita T, Matsui Y, Yamashita R. Evaluation of the suitability of a plant virus, pepper mild mottle virus, as a surrogate of human enteric viruses for assessment of the efficacy of coagulation-rapid sand filtration to remove those viruses. Water Research. 2017 Nov 21;129:460-469. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2017.11.043.

Here, we evaluated the removal of three representative human enteric viruses – adenovirus (AdV) type 40, coxsackievirus (CV) B5, and hepatitis A virus (HAV) IB – and one surrogate of human caliciviruses – murine norovirus (MNV) type 1 – by coagulation-rapid sand filtration, using water samples from eight water sources for drinking water treatment plants in Japan. The removal ratios of a plant virus (pepper mild mottle virus; PMMoV) and two bacteriophages (MS2 and φX174) were compared with the removal ratios of human enteric viruses to assess the suitability of PMMoV, MS2, and φX174 as surrogates for human enteric viruses. The removal ratios of AdV, CV, HAV, and MNV, evaluated via the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, were 0.8-2.5-log10 when commercially available polyaluminum chloride (PACl, basicity 1.5) and virgin silica sand were used as the coagulant and filter medium, respectively. The type of coagulant affected the virus removal efficiency, but the age of silica sand used in the rapid sand filtration did not. Coagulation-rapid sand filtration with non-sulfated, high-basicity PACls (basicity 2.1 or 2.5) removed viruses more efficiently than the other aluminum-based coagulants. The removal ratios of MS2 were sometimes higher than those of the three human enteric viruses and MNV, whereas the removal ratios of φX174 tended to be smaller than those of the three human enteric viruses and MNV. In contrast, the removal ratios of PMMoV were similar to and strongly correlated with those of the three human enteric viruses and MNV. Thus, PMMoV appears to be a suitable surrogate for human enteric viruses for the assessment of the efficacy of coagulation-rapid sand filtration to remove viruses.