Category Archives: Sea Level

Bangkok Thailand will soon be underwater, only 5,000 years to go….

“At current sea level rise rates, it will take at about 5,000 years for Bangkok to drown. Same amount of time since these artifacts were made.” click here

Reef islands can adapt to sea-level rise

Megan E. Tuck, Paul S. Kench, Murray R. Ford, Gerd Masselink. Physical modelling of the response of reef islands to sea-level rise, Geology (2019) 47 (9): 803-806. https://doi.org/10.1130/G46362.1

Sea-level rise and increased storminess are expected to destabilize low-lying reef islands formed on coral reef platforms, and increased flooding is expected to render them uninhabitable within the coming decades. Such projections are founded on the assumption that islands are geologically static landforms that will simply drown as sea-level rises. Here, we present evidence from physical model experiments of a reef island that demonstrates islands have the capability to morphodynamically respond to rising sea level through island accretion. Challenging outputs from existing models based on the assumption that islands are geomorphologically inert, results demonstrate that islands not only move laterally on reef platforms, but overwash processes provide a mechanism to build and maintain the freeboard of islands above sea level. Implications of island building are profound, as it will offset existing scenarios of dramatic increases in island flooding. Future predictive models must include the morphodynamic behavior of islands to better resolve flood impacts and future island vulnerability.

Coral reefs benefit from rising sea levels

Long-term observation of coral reefs indicate rising sea levels “not only promoted coral cover” but also “limit damaging effects of thermally-induced bleaching”

B. E. Brown, R. P. Dunne, P. J. Somerfield, A. J. Edwards, W. J. F. Simons,
N. Phongsuwan, L. Putchim, L. Anderson & M. C. Naeije. Long-term impacts of rising sea temperature and sea level on shallow water coral communities over a ~40 year period. Scientific Reports, volume 9, 2019

Effects of combined rising sea temperature and increasing sea level on coral reefs, both factors associated with global warming, have rarely been addressed. In this ~40 y study of shallow reefs in the eastern Indian Ocean, we show that a rising relative sea level, currently estimated at ~11 mm y−1, has not only promoted coral cover but also has potential to limit damaging effects of thermally-induced bleaching. In 2010 the region experienced the most severe bleaching on record with corals subject to sea temperatures of >31 °C for 7 weeks. While the reef flats studied have a common aspect and are dominated by a similar suite of coral species, there was considerable spatial variation in their bleaching response which corresponded with reef-flat depth. Greatest loss of coral cover and community structure disruption occurred on the shallowest reef flats. Damage was less severe on the deepest reef flat where corals were subject to less aerial exposure, rapid flushing and longer submergence in turbid waters. Recovery of the most damaged sites took only ~8 y. While future trajectories of these resilient reefs will depend on sea-level anomalies, and frequency of extreme bleaching the positive role of rising sea level should not be under-estimated.

The latest IPCC report confirms the IPCC has no idea what future climate changes are even likely to occur

“The IPCC’s latest serve of climate catastrophism, released just before the UN General Assembly met in New York last month, ironically contained some good news; but not even “inadequate” models, “limited” observations, poor understanding, dodgy “projections” and revelations about “deep uncertainty” could rein in the hyperbole.” click here 

Separating truth from error regarding sea level change

Fears of apocalyptic sea-level rise unwarranted

“Fears of apocalyptic sea-level rise are nothing new despite the fact that they seem to have recently taken on a new life of their own, especially in South Florida, where I live.

The only scientific correlation I can make with any certainty is that these fears rise in direct proportion to the number of socialists elected to Congress.” click here

Reef islands (e.g. Tuvalu) respond naturally to sea-level changes

Megan E. Tuck, Paul S. Kench, Murray R. Ford, Gerd Masselink. Physical modelling of the response of reef islands to sea-level rise. Geology (2019), https://doi.org/10.1130/G46362.1

“Sea-level rise and increased storminess are expected to destabilize low-lying reef islands formed on coral reef platforms, and increased flooding is expected to render them uninhabitable within the coming decades. Such projections are founded on the assumption that islands are geologically static landforms that will simply drown as sea-level rises. Here, we present evidence from physical model experiments of a reef island that demonstrates islands have the capability to morphodynamically respond to rising sea level through island accretion. Challenging outputs from existing models based on the assumption that islands are geomorphologically inert, results demonstrate that islands not only move laterally on reef platforms, but overwash processes provide a mechanism to build and maintain the freeboard of islands above sea level. Implications of island building are profound, as it will offset existing scenarios of dramatic increases in island flooding. Future predictive models must include the morphodynamic behavior of islands to better resolve flood impacts and future island vulnerability.” click here

For more discussion click here.