Tag Archives: surface temperature

Unjustified adjustments to past temperature measurements create global warming by cooling the past

Solar activity, atmospheric-oceanic variability drives temperatures

LIANG JIAO, SHENGJIE WANG, YUAN JIANG, XUERUI LIU. A 333-YEAR RECORD OF THE MEAN MINIMUM TEMPERATURE RECONSTRUCTION IN THE WESTERN TIANSHAN MOUNTAINS, CHINA. GEOCHRONOMETRIA 46 (2019): 37–48 DOI 10.1515/geochr-2015-0104

 

In this paper, a fragile ecological area in the Western Tianshan National Nature Reserve of China was selected as the research region, and Picea schrenkiana, which is sensitive to climate change, was selected as the research object. The mean minimum temperature in the growing season of the previous year (May to September) was the main limiting factor for tree radial growth based on an analysis of the relationship between chronological series and climatic factors during 1959–2012 (r = –0.792, p < 0.05). Moreover, the relationship was stable, which showed that tree rings can be used as alternative materials for climate reconstruction. Therefore, the mean minimum temperature of the previous year in 1680–2012 was reconstructed, and the explained variance of the reconstruction equation was 62.7% (R2adj = 62.0%, F = 85.8). The 31 dramatically altered years were found via char- acteristic year analyses, and extreme changes occurred most often under relatively warm conditions. The mean minimum temperature in the reconstruction shows a clear warming trend by the 11-year moving average of the reconstructive series since the 1950s (the temperature increase: 0.341°C/decade). The driving factors of the mean minimum temperature were influenced mainly by the interaction of solar activity and large-scale atmospheric–oceanic variability, especially the westerly circulations.

US midwest temperatures down

“Peak temperatures in the Midwest have plummeted since the 19th century. This is the first year the Midwest did not make it up to 99 degrees, with a peak of  98 degrees on 7/21/2019 at station PALESTINE IL USC00116558.  That is down 20 degrees from the peak in 1936.” click here

“There is no collusion between CO2 and temperature, no collusion whatsoever.”

“Speaking about the July 25 conference held at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C., Lasee explained, “ICCC13 demonstrated that the Climate Delusion is not based on sound science or economics. It is wasting trillions of dollars and threatening our way of life, while propping up the drive for world socialism.” ” click here

Germany record-setting high temperature measurement is biased too high

“During last week’s record-setting European heat wave, Germany’s previous record of 40.3C was impressively shattered by the measurement station located at the northwest city of Lingen, near the Dutch border, some 50 kilometers from where I live. The German DWD weather service and media loved it! Yet, controversy now swirls about the new record setting measurement since it has come to light that the measurement is fraught with some considerable siting issues.” click here

“Climate scientists” rewrite the past to erase failed predictions

In the November 1976 issue of National Geographic, they showed a Little Ice Age followed by a sharp warming spike to 1940, and then cooling back to 1880 levels.
click here

Just how hot was it in Chicago?

“On July 29, 1916 the average afternoon temperature in the Midwest was 98 degrees. The Chicago Tribune thought it was hotter than hell.” click here